Java: Hibernate p2: mappings

To create a mapping, a one to many in this case, we first need to edit the src/main/resources/Employee.hbm.xml file to state the mapping.

    <class name="model.Employee" table="employee">
       <id name="id" column="id" type="long">
         <generator class="native"></generator>
       <property name="name" column="name" type="string"></property>
           <set name="certificates" cascade="all">
          <key column="employee_id"/>
          <one-to-many class="model.Certificate"/>

    <class name="model.Certificate" table="certificate">
          <id name="id" type="long" column="id">
        <generator class="native"/>
          <property name="name" column="cert_name" type="string"/>

Note the new set tag. This means we’ll store the new classes in a java Set. We give it a name that will relate to the name in the Certificate class we’ll make. cascade=all means that we’ll persist the Certificates as the same time as Employee. We then set the key column in our to-be-created certificate table, and the fact it’s going to be a one-to-many table using the class as model.Certificate. We finally create a new class tag that is the same as the one we created in the previous tutorial.

The Employee class we defined before only changes in that we create a new Set of the Certificate classes, and make the setters and getters.

    private Set certificates;
    public Set getCertificates() {
        return certificates;
    public void setCertificates(Set certificates) {
        this.certificates = certificates;

Now here’s the Certificate class:

    package model;

    public class Certificate {

       private long id = 1L;

       private String name;

       public Certificate() {

       public Certificate(String fname) {
         name = fname;

       public long getId() {
         return id;

       public void setId(Long id) {
         this.id = id;

       public String getName() {
         return name;

       public void setName(String name) {
         this.name = name;

It’s possible that you may need to implement compareTo() and hashCode() in some instances.

Now in the main class file, First create a Set with the certificates in, then you can add them to the Employee, and then save the employee.

    HashSet set = new HashSet();
    Certificate cert = new Certificate("some python shit");
    Certificate cert1 = new Certificate("some go shit");
    set.add(cert); set.add(cert1);


    Employee employee = new Employee("name");
    employeeID = (Long) session.save(employee);       

When you delete an employee, it will also delete its certificates.

Posted: Wednesday 28 March 2012, 6:30PM

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